The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has recently warned about the profound impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on employment, particularly in advanced economies such as the United States. This development, which could affect 60% of jobs in these regions, is a significant indicator of the changing landscape of the global job market.
The Extensive Impact of AI on Employment
In its detailed report, the IMF highlights that the influence of AI is not limited to lower-wage jobs. Advanced economies, including the US, Canada, the UK, Japan, Germany, France, and Italy, are at a higher risk of AI-induced job displacement. This trend contrasts with emerging economies and low-income countries, where the impact is estimated to be less severe, affecting 40% and 26% of jobs, respectively.
The World Economic Forum in Davos has brought AI’s impact on employment to the forefront of global discussions. A survey by PricewaterhouseCoopers, released alongside the forum, reveals CEOs’ concerns about the future of their businesses in light of AI advancements. This survey underscores the urgency for businesses to adapt to the rapidly evolving technological landscape.
AI’s impact on Colombia’s labor market
The labor market in Colombia is already grappling with structural issues like low productivity, partly due to inadequate investment in technology and training, as well as poor infrastructure in certain sectors. This low productivity is linked to insufficient human capital development, as education and professional training often do not align with the labor market’s needs, creating a significant skills gap. This situation contributes to high informality, with a large portion of the population working in precarious conditions without access to labor benefits or social security.
Automation and AI could exacerbate vulnerabilities in the labor market, as many existing occupations in Colombia are in sectors with a high likelihood of automation and AI integration. While activities with higher human capital are more resilient to adapting to AI, those with lower human capital but generating more employment are stagnating in adapting to AI, leading to increased vulnerability.
Regulatory and industry responses to AI advancements
The United States and the European Union are examining regulatory frameworks for AI, reflecting the growing global focus on this technology. Financial institutions like Goldman Sachs have previously emphasized AI’s potential impact on global employment. Industry leaders, while recognizing the challenges posed by AI, also see its potential to enhance productivity and contribute positively to various sectors, including healthcare.
The IMF’s warning about AI’s impact on jobs is a crucial call to action for policymakers and industry leaders. It highlights the need for a proactive and balanced approach to AI integration in the workforce.