Colombia has declared the Serrania of Manacacias, located in San Martin de los Llanos, Meta department, its 61st national park. Covering 68,030.6 hectares, this newly designated area is now a protected haven for various plants and animals in 12 vital ecosystems in the Orinoquia region. It is connected to Andean rivers in Meta, forming a unique hydrological system.
The decision to establish this national park emerged from a participatory process involving local communities. Collaborative discussions with Serrania residents led to agreements supporting the creation of this protected area.
Situated at the intersection of the Andes and the Orinoquia, the Serrania of Manacacias plays a crucial role as a regional water regulator, influencing the Manacacías River basin. This national park ensures optimal conditions for the life cycles of numerous species, including those at risk, while strengthening water sources and forest protection.
Serrania of Manacaias Colombia’s 61st National Park
During COP28 in Dubai, President Gustavo Petro and Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development Susana Muhamad announced the designation of Serrania of Manacacias as Colombia’s 61st National Park.
The Serrania of Manacacias serves as a strategic bridge for Amazon protection, significantly contributing to the National System of Protected Areas (SINAP) and enhancing ecosystem representation in Colombia’s Orinoquia.
Importance of the Serrania of Manacacias
The park’s boundaries resulted from comprehensive analyses, including the biophysical, social, economic, and cultural aspects, in collaboration with local communities and support from the Colombian Academy of Exact, Physical, and Natural Sciences.
Ecologically, the Serrania of Manacacias boasts rich diversity, including seasonal tropical savannas, tropical gallery forests, well-preserved wetlands, and bodies of water. Research indicates 4,740 flowering plant records, spanning 114 families, 496 genera, and 1,093 species.