ColombiaOne.comCultureMost Popular Colombian Myths and Legends

Most Popular Colombian Myths and Legends


Colombian mythology legends
Monument of the Hombre Caiman, one of the best-known legends of Colombian mythology, in Plato, Magdalena. Credit: Felviper/CC BY-SA 4.0

Colombian mythology is a tapestry woven from the threads of indigenous, African, and European cultures, creating a rich and diverse tapestry of folklore and legends.

These mythical tales have been passed down through generations, captivating the imaginations of Colombians and offering insights into the nation’s cultural heritage. Join us on a journey through the mystical realms of Colombian mythology, where ancient legends come to life.

El Hombre Caiman: The Alligator Man

In the heart of the Magdalena River basin, a chilling legend resides—the tale of “El Hombre Caiman” or the Alligator Man. This mythical creature is said to be a cursed soul, doomed to roam as a man by day and transform into a caiman by night.

The legend tells of a fisherman who liked to spy on women and was punished by being turned into a caiman forever. El Hombre Caiman is a reminder of bad decisions, the consequences of defying fate, and the mystical connection between humans and nature.

La Madremonte: The Protector of Nature

Deep within the lush Colombian rainforests resides La Madremonte, a protective spirit of nature. She is often depicted as a woman with long, flowing hair and covered in leaves.

La Madremonte watches over the forests and animals, punishing those who harm her domain. Her role is both a guardian and a punisher, reminding humans of the importance of respecting the natural world. Her haunting presence in the woods serves as a warning to those who would exploit the environment without consideration.

El Mohan: Guardian of the Rivers

Colombia’s rivers are home to the enigmatic El Mohan, a mischievous and shape-shifting creature. El Mohan often takes on the appearance of a short, stout man with a fondness for playing tricks on unsuspecting travelers. Yet he is also known to protect the rivers and the creatures that inhabit them.

Fishermen and locals often leave offerings of food and aguardiente (a traditional alcoholic drink) to appease El Mohán, ensuring safe travels along the waterways.

La Llorona: The Weeping Woman

While La Llorona is a well-known figure in Latin American folklore, her presence looms large in Colombian mythology as well. She is the ghostly figure of a weeping woman who wanders near bodies of water, searching for her lost children. Her haunting cries echo through the night, sending shivers down the spines of those who hear her.

La Llorona serves as a cautionary tale, warning children to obey their parents and avoid dangerous waters.

The Legend of El Dorado: The Gilded One

One of the most famous legends associated with Colombia is the tale of El Dorado, “The Gilded One.” It is said that the indigenous Muisca people performed a ritual in which a new leader would be anointed with gold dust and precious jewels before being submerged in the waters of Lake Guatavita. The offering of gold to the gods created the legend of a city of gold—El Dorado. While the quest for this mythical city brought explorers to the Americas, it remains a tantalizing legend, forever shrouded in mystery.

Colombian mythology is a treasure trove of stories that bridge the gap between the past and the present. These legends connect Colombians to their ancestral roots, reminding them of the importance of nature, love, and respect for traditions. As the tales continue to be passed down through generations, they ensure that the rich tapestry of Colombian folklore will endure for centuries to come.

See all the latest news from Colombia and the world at Contact our newsroom to report an update or send your story, photos and videos. Follow Colombia One on Google News, Facebook, Instagram, and subscribe here to our newsletter.