Tucked away in the picturesque Andean highlands of Boyaca, Colombia, lies Lake Tota, a hidden gem known for its breathtaking beauty and rich cultural significance. This pristine body of water is located under the jurisdiction of the municipalities of Cuitiva, Tota, and Aquitania, approximately 34 kilometers south of Sogamoso and around 200 kilometers northeast of Bogota, Colombia’s capital.
With a surface area spanning approximately 55 square kilometers, Lake Tota is not only Colombia’s largest lake but also the second-highest navigable lake in South America after Lake Titicaca. Its elevation reaches a staggering 3,015 meters above sea level, contributing to its unique allure.
Lake Tota’s geography is equally impressive: it spans about 60 square kilometers with dimensions of approximately 15.8 kilometers in length and 8.2 kilometers in width. Its maximum depth plunges to an astonishing 61 meters, establishing Lake Tota as Colombia’s largest natural freshwater reservoir. The lake’s altitude, at 3,115 meters above sea level, influences its climate, which exhibits significant temperature fluctuations, ranging from a minimum of 0°C to a maximum of 12°C.
Islands, Peninsulas, and Beaches
Lake Tota’s geography is adorned with islands, peninsulas, and beaches that enhance its natural charm. The Potrero and Susaca peninsulas, along with San Pedro and Cerro Chico Islands, separate the lake’s eastern section from the rest. Other notable features include the Puntalarga Peninsula and Boqueron Cove, located in the western part of the lake within the municipalities of Tota and Cuítiva.
Beaches like Playa Blanca, La Chiquita, and El Bosque provide delightful spots for relaxation and water-based activities. A bridge connects the San Pedro and Cerro Chico Islands, making exploration seamless. Additionally, the Cangrejos Islet is situated just off the western coast of San Pedro Island.
The Island Territories
Lake Tota boasts several island territories, each with its unique character and offerings:
- San Pedro Island: The largest island territory in Boyaca, it belongs to the municipality of Aquitania and is primarily used for agriculture. Its tourist attractions include Peña de la Virgen and the Mirador.
- Santo Domingo Island (Hatolaguna): This island belongs to the municipality of Cuítiva and is the second-largest in Boyacá, offering serene coastal views.
- Cerro Chico Island: Situated in Aquitania, it is the smallest island territory in Boyacá, connected to San Pedro Island by a bridge.
- La Custodia Island: This tiny island belongs to Aquitania and is situated near the eastern coast of the Potrero Peninsula.
- Santa Helena Island: Found in Cuítiva, this island ranks as the third-largest in Boyacá and provides captivating vistas in the Boquerón area.
Playa Blanca: A Highland Oasis
Playa Blanca, located in the lake’s southwestern region within Bahia Blanca, is a natural beach renowned for attracting swimmers and water sports enthusiasts. Despite the chilly waters, with temperatures seldom exceeding 12°C, its unique location at 3,015 meters above sea level near a freshwater lake makes it a sought-after tourist destination in Colombia’s central region.
Lake Tota, with its stunning landscapes, cultural heritage, and recreational opportunities, offers a serene escape from the everyday hustle and bustle. Whether you’re interested in water sports, cultural exploration, or simply immersing yourself in the beauty of nature, Lake Tota stands as a captivating destination in the heart of South America.